What Are Blood Spots?
Bleeding on or under the skin can manifest itself in a variety of different ways and can be shocking in its sudden appearance. Blood spots vary in exact definition depending on their size and shape. Often the result of small dilated blood vessels which have burst or ruptured beneath the skin, blood spots can be categorised as either petechiae, purpura,or cherry angioma blood spots. Blood vessels/leaked capillaries can burst for any number of reasons, but they are usually the result of a minor injury. Blood spots can commonly be foundon the arms, legs, chest, and face, but occasionally appear on other areas of the body too.
- Tiny, pinpoint blood haemorrhages seen on the skin are referred to as petechiae.
- Bleeding disorders under the skin that lead to the formation of larger, purplish red patches are known as purpura.
- Raised red spots or moles are called cherry angiomas.
Rash-like in appearance, petechiae often manifest in clusters of tiny, circular, non-raised patches or dots 1-2mm in diameter. The pinprick appearance will not lose colour when pressed against a glass and are normally flat to the touch. They happen as a result of bleeding under the skin,and while some cases are minor and do not require treatment, other cases can be more severe and a symptom of a greater underlying condition. Either way, petechiae can often be alarming in appearance and can be removed or treated for aesthetic reasons alone.
What Causes Petechiae?
Tiny blood vessels (capillaries) join the smallest points of your arteries to the smallest points of your veins. Petechiae appear when these capillaries burst open beneath the skin’s surface. Following this, the blood can leak under the skin and appear as a rash of pinpricks and are either red, purple or brownin colour.
A number of things can cause petechiae, including:
- Sudden or prolonged straining: Petechiae can emerge on the face, neck, and chest prompted by prolonged straining during actions like coughing, vomiting, childbirth, and heavy weightlifting.
- Medicationcan also cause petechiae, including:
- Anti-seizure drugs
- Blood thinners
- Heart rhythm drugs
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Underlying medical conditions: From sunburn and allergic reactions through to insect bites and various autoimmune diseases, petechiae can occur because ofa number of medical conditions. These include (and aren’t limited to):
Petechiaespots are sometimes the result of an underlying cause,and you should see a doctor if you experience them alongside any of the following symptoms:
- Blood clots that appear under the skin (hematomas)
- Bleeding gums
- Bleeding or bruising easier than normal
- Joint haemorrhage (hemarthrosis)
- Unusually heavy periods (menorrhagia)
While purpura may look like bruises, they are not usually caused by injury as most normal bruises are.Typically, purpura blood spots range between 4 -10mm in diameter. Those that grow even larger in size are called Ecchymosis. Purpura tends to appear in clusters over a single area of the body—the larger the cluster of blood spots, the larger the bleeding is beneath the skin. Like petechiae, purpura blood spots will not change colour or disappear beneath a glass when pressed. Purpura does not tend to appear and become itchy or irritated either.
What Causes Purpura?
Purpura blood spots appear when capillaries burst and the resulting blood pools under the skin. Usually a symptom rather than a disease by themselves, purpura occur either through minor injury or as a symptom of an infection.
Different Types of Purpura
There are two different categories of purpura: nonthrombocytopenic and thrombocytopenic. The nonthrombocytopenic type indicates that your blood platelet levels are normal. The thrombocytopenic type indicates that your platelet count is lower than normal.
A low platelet count can be ascribed to a number of factors and causes excessive bleeding and bruises. Purpura can be a result of:
- Blood clotting
- Congenital disorders
- Weak blood vessels
- Hormone therapy
- Immune disorders
- Blood infections
Seek medical advice for large clusters of suspected purpura blood spots. People who begin treatment quickly or have a mild case usually make a full recovery.
Small common skin growths, cherry angiomas look like flat or raised red spots, freckles or moles. They can develop anywhere over the body and are often found on people aged 30 and older. Cherry angiomas are also referred to as blood spots, Campbell De Morgan Spots (if there are a number of small lesions in a cluster), and haemangiomas.
What Causes Cherry Angiomas?
Cherry angiomas are small benign blood tumours which occur when capillaries overgrow.They are usually red or purple/bluein colour and most commonly found on the chest, arms, and shoulders.
How to Get Rid of Blood Spots
As with any skin lesion or abnormality, if you notice distinct changes in size, shape, texture or colour, it’s best to speak to a doctor ortrained dermatologist to check it out for your own peace of mind.Reach out to CoLaz today to discuss your blood spots and we can discuss your treatment options available.
Cherry Angioma Removal
Cherry angiomas tend to be benign and cause no long-term damage but they will not disappear of their own accord. They should also not cause you any problems in terms of itchiness or inflammation, but they may bleed if they are scratched, knocked or rubbed excessively. Cherry angioma removal is swift and tends to be pain-free. The Advanced Laser Therapy treatment can be carried out quickly by a CoLaz laser specialist.